Travel in Romania
An authoritarian cruel voivode, he impressed his contemporaries who gave him the nickname of Tepes (the Impaler) inspired from his torture and execution system Ė Teapa (the stake). However, he was not the inventor of this system, used on a large scale especially in the Ottoman Empire, and some parts of Europe.
He was also known as Dracula, a name that became due to an abundant literature the prototype of a bloody tyrant. In fact, this was his fatherís name, Vlad Dracul (with the origin in the Dragons Order, a chivalrous Order of that time). As a consequence, he became the Devilís son, Draculea, Dracula. The Saxons from Transylvania, who were menaced to lose their privileges by the protectionist policy of the Wallachia voivode, spread the tales on Tepes cruelties. We can consider, anyway, that Vlad Tepes was a man of his times, since the cruelty was one of the methods used by the rulers to rich their goals.
Regarding the internal policy, Tepes tried to eliminate the corruption and to get safety of the roads and of the goods. His political measures were oriented to strengthen the central authority, which induced the conflicts with the boyars, some of them extremely violent since the voivode killed some of his opponents. Instead of using the military support offered by the boyars, Tepes called the population under arms to fight against the Ottomans. In the Princely Council he attracted more the boyars of small or middle ranks, from less known families.
After he strengthened his internal powers, the voivode denied the payment of the tribute and started his campaign against the Ottomans in the south of Danube (1462). In response, a 100,000 people-army headed by the Sultan Mohammed the 2nd, the conqueror of Constantinople, himself, attacked Wallachia. Famous due to the courage proved by the Wallachian voivode is the night attack upon the sultanís camp, in order to kill him. Unfortunately, the attack failed in this regard but it induced the panic. Later, Tepes retreated himself in Transylvania, waiting help from the King of Hungary Mathias Corvin.
In general, when we think of Vlad Tepes, we have in mind a few places: Bucharest, Snagov, Bran, Sighisoara. In real life, Vlad Tepes was much more dynamic, covering many areas of the country.We will try to connect these places with the main monuments seen by the voivode in his long campaigns in the coutry.
4) Turnu Rosu
Other places/ monuments related to Vlad Tepes name